GLOSSARY OF CLOTHING
of Medieval Costuming Terms,
Items of Clothing and Accessories.
You may well have noticed that whilst a
garment shape may not alter greatly over hundreds of years, the name
of a garment or fabric may differ from period to period. Listed here
are common costuming garment names and a brief, simple description thereof.
Please note: armouring terms have
not been included. Also, by no means do I suggest that a name or item
of clothing was not used before the indicated date. The dates refer
to common reference as I have found it.
For a complete compilation of costuming
and armouring terms, try Much of this information came from the excellent
A Dictionary of English Costume 900 - 1900 by Cunnington &
Beard, along with other books, sources and documents I have come across.
ackerton man's tunic for under armour
agrafe large brooch for robe or cloak fastening
agraffes 16th century onwards. hook-and-eyes used for clothing
aiglets 15th to mid 17th century metal tips on the ends of laces.
aiguillettes see aiglets
alb long, white robe worn by Christian priests.
almoner corded purse of silk or leather attached to a girdle
or belt used to keep alms
amice white scarf worn on the shoulders of priests
almuce large, cloth cape with attached hood and lined with fur
anademe fillet or garland of flowers or leaves for the head
apron worn by artisans or workers to protect clothing for men
and women. Usually rectangular linen sewn onto a waistband
attire 15th century on. headwear of gold and jewels worn on occasions
of state. later shortened to 'tire'.
atour French name used in England for tall, conical headware
made on a silver wire frame. As a foundation they used a bonnet or wimple.
Usually made with gems and pearls and very fragile, for single use.
aulmoniere see almoner
aumonierre see almoner
aumer see almoner
aumener see almoner
aumuse a kind of hood with shoulder coverings split at the front.
back, bak 14th century term loosely for any outer garment.
bagpipe sleeve close fitted at the armhole, bagpipe shaped at
the elbow and buttoned at the wrist. Popular on the houpelande. Also
called poky sleeve
bak 14th century term loosely for any outer garment
balandrana 12th & 13th century wide travelling cloak.
baldric 13th to 15th century wide belt to suspend sword, dagger,
pouch etc, often decorated and worn at hips or over shoulder. Often
barbe 14th-16th century pleated linen veil and wimple often worn
by widows and nuns
barbette fine linen band encircling the head- wide at the crown
and thin under the chin like a strap.
barmecloth 14th to 17th century leather apron
barmefell 14th to 17th century leather apron
barmeskin 14th to 17th century leather apron
baselard see anelace
basen see bazan
baudric see baldric
bawdric see baldric
beaver, beaver hat 14th century onwards. beaver skin hat
bell late 13th to early 15th century travelling cloak. Circular,
sometimes hooded, sometimes with side vents.
bend 1. 1000 to end 15th century. Fillet or circular ornament
worn on head.
bend 2. synonym for stripe.
birlet 15th century circular padded roll as worn with chaperons
bliaud see bliaut
bliaunt see bliaut
bliaut 12th century. Loose tunic worn by men and women with very
bliaus see bliant
bonet 15th century headgear- small round cap, often with fur
trim. Worn under the crown by the king. Often worn with a jewelled ornament.
bosses late 13th to end of 14th century decorative cauls of network
or linen covering thick plaits of hair, generally artifically enlarged
and arranged on each side of the head above the temples. Worn with a
veil. Also templers
bourrelet see birlet
bourse 1440 to 18th century large purse or bag.
bracer yeoman's glove with long, ornamented leather top.
brael 14th century breech girdle
braies medieval to 15th century underwear, long and loose with
a drawstring waist, progressively getting shorter as time passed.
brayette end of 14th century narrow braie-girdle buckled in front.
breast-kerchief late 15th to mid 16th century kerchief wrapped
about the shoulders and folded across the breast for warmth. Worn under
breeches 13th century- long under trousers with a drawstring
brodekin see buskins
brodkin see buskins
brotiken see buskins
bruch 12th C. kind of undergarment worn by men. possibly like
buskins 14th to late 17th century boot reaching mid-calf or to
the knee favoured by travellers & country people. Womens buskins
may be made of velvet, satin or Spanish leather for travelling.
burgundian gown popular late 14th to 15th century style of gown
with a high waist, full skirt, fitted sleeves and deep V neckline, usually
burlet see birlet
butterfly headdress 2nd half 15th century. Headdress with wire
frame supporting wire for the veil fixed to a small fez-shaped cap worn
on the back of the head.
buttons from at least the 13th century onwards in England
buttoner 14th century close row of ornamental buttons down the
front of a houppelande
bycocket hat turned up behind and down in front similar to the
caban 14th & 15th century loose cloak with armholes.
cap from medieval times on.
capa hooded robe or mantle
cape also known as a cope from 12th to 14th century.
cappa clausa closed cloak worn by a lecturer with slits for the
capuchon a hood pre-14th century or cowl
camise see chemise
camisia medieval shirt or smock for both sexes.
caul head covering worn by women, incorporating a decorated hair
net of silk thread or goldsmithry, sometimes lined with silk. Later
known as the crespine which developed into the reticulated headdress.
Also a fret.
ceint, seint 14th & 15th century girdle.
chaperon 14th century hood arranged in a variety of styles, often
with a long liripipe or tippet which may be worn thrown over the shoulder.
Worn by men and women.
chaperon 15th century headdress consisting of a circular roll
or burlet, a liripipe or tippet, sometimes left dangling, and a cockscomb-like
chaplet 1. originally a band of flowers for the head.
chaplet 2. 14th, 15th & early 16th century circlet set with
gems worn by both sexes on festive occasions.
chaplet 3. late 14th & 15th century wreath of twisted silk
or satin made of an ornamental padded roll for any occasion.
chausses 13th & 14th century tight covering for the legs,
each seperate and tied to a belt or undergarment. Can be made of leather
or cloth. Also hose, chaussembles.
cheisil see chaisel
chemise from early medieval to end of 19th century. Undergarment
usually of fine linen, sometimes known as a smock for a woman and a
shert for a man.
ciclaton see cyclas
cingle a belt or girdle
cinglaton see cyclas
cingulum belt or cord worn at the waist
circlet 14th century decorative circle of metal or goldsmithery
worn on the head
circular cloak a cloak, circular in shape
cloak Anglo-Saxon onwards. Loose outer garment of varying length
falling from the neck over the shoulders. Many different names and styles.
The 14th century ladies cloak is known as the mantle
cloche end of 13th century travelling cloak
clogs medieval onwards. Wooden-soles overshoes to raise the wearer
above the dirt.
Known as pattens and followed the shape of the fashionable shoe.
clot, clout-shoen 15th century man's shoe. Heavy, shod
with thin iron plates for labourers.
clouts - a type of cloak
clouts - female form of braes
coat of arms a cloak, three-quarters of a circle, decorated with
heraldic devices. Fastened on the right shoulder.
cocked cap medieval cap wrn with the brim turned up at the back.
cockers 14th to 16th century knee high rough boot worn by country
cod medieval term for a bag.
codpiece 15th & 16th century front flap at the fork of long
hose worn by men like a pocket.
cognisance heraldric badge of a noble family
coif end of 12 to mid 15th century close-fitting plain linen
cap covering the ears and tied under the chin.
colobium plain tunic which preceeded the dalmatic
cope medieval voluminous circular cloak often with a hood, although
sometimes without when used for ceremonial purposes.with a hood. Front
cork 15th century shoe identical to the patten with a sole of
coronet 14th century small, open crown of nobility, less decorative
corse . see baldric
corset medieval garment of uncertain type- possibly ornate overgarment.
cote from 13th century. Everyday loose tunic being the main garment
of both sexes. A woman's gown- long, close-fitting with long sleeves
which is often referred to as a gown, kirtle or kyrtle.
cote-hardie 14th to mid 15th century (men) tight-fitting, knee
length tunic buttoned down the front to a low waist. After 1350 shorter
sleeves were introduced and the tippet became popular.
cotte also cote
counter-fillet late 14th & 15th century fillet securing the
courtepye 14th & 15th century upper garment like a surcote.
couvrechef medieval to 16th century. a fine veil in a light colour,
sometimes edged in gold or richly embroidered. 13th century royalty
or nobles were of silk or cloth of gold.
cowl the shoulder cape part of a hood
crackows 1. long-pointed toes on hose, sometimes fastened with
chains to the garters
crackows 2. English word used to describe poulains.
crespine 16th century crimped or pleated frill.
crespine headwear consisting of two jewelled cauls or nets of
stiff gold wire, semi cylindrical in shape and usually with a securing
circlet and veil.
crespinette see crespine
cuf, cuff, cuffie 14th century cap or coif.
cucufa end of 13th century close-fitting plain linen cap covering
the ears and tied under the chin
cuker 15th century part of the horned headdress to do with horns.
cyclas- I have three definations and I am unsure which is
the more correct. All of these have been found in books of a high standard
of information. The definitions are as follows-
cyclas 1. 12th century "A" shaped tunic with keyhole
neckline and split up the front front the bottom hem at the front. Also
gardcorp, surcote, syglaton.
cyclas 2. 13th century male and female rich gown worn for ceremonial
cyclas 3. 14th century outermost garment, tightly fitted, laced
at the sides and shorter in front. Worn over a gambeson
dagges popular from 1380 to 1440 ornamental cutting of edges
of garments. Continued into 14th and to the end of the 15th century.
daggues see dagges.
dalk to end of 15th century. Usually a pin but also a brooch,
clasp or buckle.
dalmatica full-length tunic with long wide sleeves. Roughly T
diadem large circle of gold or other precious metal worn like
dorelet medieval onwards hair-net embroidered with jewels.
dorlet see dorelet
doublet 14th century to 1670. Tight-fitting, short jacket worn
next to the shirt, often made of two thicknesses and padded within.
english work (anglicum opus) medieval very fine Anglo-Saxon embroidery
from the 7th to 10th century.
escarcelle rectangular pouch often worn at the back of the girdle,
often with the miseriecord It was secured with a swivel T piece through
esclavine a pilgrim's mantle or cloak
estaches 14th century. French word for the strings to attach
the hose. see points
feather pelts 14th to 17th century skins of various birds with
feathers attached used for trimming garments in place of fur.
felet see fillet
felt mid 15th century on. Used alone, felt indicated a hat made
fent see fischet
fermail, fermayll 15th century buckle or brooch.
fibula type of brooch to fasten garments
filet see fillet
fillet 13th & 14th century narrow band to tie about the hair
of the head made of stiffened linen and worn with a barbette or frett
or both. In the 18th century the term was used to mean a hairnet which
covered the whole head.
fischet see fitchet
fitchet 13th to mid 16th century vertical slits in the cotehardie
through which the hands were passed either for lifting the gown whilst
walking or to allow access to the gown underneath and the pouch suspended
from the girdle or belt.
folly bells 15th century form of decoration of small bells suspended
by chains from a girdle or shoulder band.
foot-mantle large cloak-like garment worn by women when riding
fouriaux 1st half of 12th century. Silk hair-dressing sheaths
enclosing the two long plaits of ladies of high rank.
fret 13th to early 16th century trellis-work coif made either
of goldsmithry or material.
frette 13th to early 16th century trellis-work coif made either
of goldsmithry or material.
fringe medieval onwards used largely for ecclesiastical garments
but rare in clothing before 15th century.
frontlet, frontel, frontayl 15th century on decorative
band for the forehead worn by women, made of cloth, gold, velvet, silk
etc worn under the veil.
frounce 14th century term for flounce
galoche 14th century onwards generic term for the protective
galage see galoche
galoshes see galoche
galoss see galoche
gambeson see acketon
gardcorp mid 13th to 14th century garment similar to a cyclas
with a slit in the upper sleeve for the arm to go through, and with
gathered armbands. Often with a hood and worn with hanging sleeves,
the arms passing through a vertical slit in the upper arm.
garde-corps see gardcorp
garnache 13th to mid 14th century male tunic- loose with short
cape-like sleeves cut in one with the body and falling over the shoulders.
Sometimes called a tabard.
garter medieval onwards- tie or band to keep stocking in place
on the leg, above or below the knee. Usually tied. Buckled from 1550s.
ghita 14th C woman's garment of unknown type
gimp see wimple
gipon similar to the acketon, but worn by itself, later becoming
gipser, gipciere 14th & 15th century purse or pouch.
girdle medieval onwards long cord, band or belt encircling the
waist or hips worn in a variety of styles in differing time periods.
During Henry II, Richard I and John, worn at the waistline with material
blousing over it. During the first half of the 13thC, the garment was
un-bloused and the girdle sat flat. After 1250, sloping downwards to
a point in the front.
gite 14th & 15th century gown of unknown type
gloves from 12th century, but rare before 13th. The function
and design of the glove is primarily unchanged.
goffered veil 19th century term for a headdress worn 1350-1420.
see nebula headdress
gole 14th century name for the cape portion of the hood or chaperon.
golet 15th century name for the cape portion of the hood or chaperon.
gonel 14th century name for a gown (apparently)
gores 14th century method of sewing- triangular pieces inserted
in lower seams to increase the fullness of a gown or inserted at underarm
seam in early garments to permit freedom of movement.
gorget 12th & 13th century neck covering. see wimple
gowce 14th & 15th century term for gussett
gown medieval to 16th century. Term for long garment of both
men and women. Varying styles and designs through this period.
gussets triangular pieces added to the underarms. Also see gores
guimpe see wimple
gunna saxon basic tunic or undergown
gwimple see wimple
gypsire leather pouch or wallet worn on a thin strap over the
gyrdells 1550 - girdles?
habit medieval onwards. Originally the distinctive dress of a
particular rank or profession- particularly of religious orders.
hair sherte irritating undershirt worn as pennance. could be
goatskin worn with the hair inwards or linen or wool woven coarsely
with twigs and debris in the fabric.
handkerchief 14th century onwards. The same as today.
hanging sleeves 1400 to 1630 wide, long tubular sleeves with
a slit cut through which the arm emerges. Used on a wide variety of
harlot late 14th century expression for hose and breeches combined
to resemble modern tights. Often considered indecent when first introduced.
harlotte see harlot
hauketon see acketon
hauqueton padded cotton jacket frequently worn by men at arms.
hawk-glove 13th century onwards. Short glove worn on the left
hand as protection as the hawk was being carried on the wrist.
heart-shaped headdress 1420 to 1450 womens headware. Tall templers
covering the ears and pointing upwards forming a u shaped dip above
the forhead. Secured with a circlet and draped with a veil.
head-rail saxon. veil covering the head
hennin 2nd half of the 15th century. French term for the steeple-shaped
head-dress. Rare in England. Worn with "loose kerchiefs atop hanging
down, sometimes as low as the ground."
herigaut 1375 - early 14th century gown-like garment with three
quarter to full sleeves, generally with the sleeves hanging. see garde-corps
herlot see harlot
heuk 14th & 15th century cloak or outer garment like a cyclas.
When longer, reaching the knees, it was called the tabard.
heuke see heuk
heuse, huseau, housel, houseau 1240s to
late 15th century long riding boot reaching to mid-thigh and fitted
with buttons, buckles or straps on the outer leg.
hoo headcovering, cap
hood medieval onwards. Varying styles over the medieval period.
hooks and eyes used from 14th century
hoqueton see hauqueton
horned headdress 1410 to 1420, rarely to 1460. Headdress with
wide templers and wired up to resemble horns which a veil curtains the
back of the head.
hose medieval onwards tight covering for the legs, often woolen.
Usually seperated. Joined together as a pair of tights in the 15th century.
houppelande end of 14th and through 15th century loose outer
gown worn by men and women, either shaped or cut on a single slanting
line from armhole to hem. Fitted at shoulders. Early forms had high
bottle-necked collars. Sleeves were often the bagpipe sleeve or had
huge dagged sleeves.
howve 14th century name for a hood worn by men and women.
houve see howve
Irish mantle 15th century cloak.
jags see dagges
jagging see dagges
jerkin 1450 - 1630 mens jacket worn over the doublet but slightly
longer, sometimes with hanging sleeves.
jupe 1290 to 1400 see gipon
jupon see gipon
kemes see chemise
kemise see chemise
kemse see chemise
kerchief medieval to end of 16th century. A draped head covering.
kercher see kerchief
kirtle 9th to 15th C. The woman's garment popularly called the
cotehardie is more accurately called the kyrtle which was the 14th to
mid 15th century long, tight-fitting gown with long sleeves. Very tight
around the waist, low off the shoulders and low neckline, with or without
buttons down the front. Fitchets in the skirt were common.
knightly girdle mid 14th to 1420 belt worn by male and female
alike made of metal clasps joined together and fastened in front by
an ornamental buckle or clasp. Worn on the hips, not the waist, over
the gipon or cote-hardie but only by nobility.
knop medieval button or tassel, usually decorative.
kyrtle 9th to 15th C. see kirtle
lace woven or plaited braid like shoelace used for trimming or
latchet medieval onwards. fastening strap on a clog or shoe.
lineclothes pair of 15th century mens linen drawers.
liripipe 1350 to end of 15th century. Long trailing tippet from
the back of a hood or chaperon.
mahoitres from 1394. French term for shoulder padding in men's
gowns and jackets.
mantelet medieval. short mantle or cloak.
mantle 12th century onwards. A circular, sleeveless cloak, long
and loose often fastened with a cord linking two clasps at the neck.
A mantle does not have a hood. During the 14th century, mens mantle's
fastened on the right shoulder with 3 buttons, while the ladies remained
fastened at the front, usually with cord.
mantil see mantle
mantlet see mantelet
maunche long sleeve worn by both men and women, esp in the 14th
maunch medieval. long, hanging bag sleeve
melote medieval. Originally a sheepskin garment, later a cloak
of any coarse fur. Usually worn by monks or friars at their work.
misericorde knight's dagger usually worn on the right hip
morse the fastening or clasp of a cope
mummer's hood hood with two elongates points off the side of
the head. Worn by Mummers or Fools.
napron 14th and early 15th century term for apron from the word
nebule see nebula headdress
nebula headdress 19th century name for the ruffled veil worn
1350 to 1420. Made of linen and draped over the head. Named as the three
rows of ruffles of the veil resemble the nebules of heraldry.
neck-chain medieval to mid 17th century. Gold or gilded brass
chain usually worn by men or travellers who could cut off a link in
leiu of money.
nifels 2nd half of 15th century name for a woman's veil.
nouch 13th to 15th century jewelled clasp or buckle or a collection
nyefles see nifels.
orphrey 13th century onwards term for an item richly embroidered
with gold thread, especially decorating the borders of garments. Later
it came to mean narrow strips of any kind of embroidery, such as orphreys
of blue, red and green, also plain velvet.
orfray see orphrey
orfrey see orphrey
orle 14th century border of fur.
ouch 13th to 15th century jewelled clasp or buckle or a collection
ourle 13th century border of fur.
overslop 950 to end of 14th century term for a gown, stole, cassock
paltock 14th to mid 15th century short under jacket to which
sleeves and hose could be attached. Later known as the pourpoint
paltok see paltock
parrock 15th century loose cloak with arm holes.
parti-coloured hose mid 14th to mid 15th century. Hose of differing
colours worn together, one of each on a leg.
parti-coloured gown or tunic constructed in two contrasting colours,
the colours reversed on facing panels. Very popular in heraldic garments.
Occasionally one side may be patterened or striped.
pattens 14th to mid 19th century overshoe to keep the shoe above
the dirt. Usually wooden or cork soled with straps of leather.
paultock see paltock
pautener medieval name for the bag hanging from a girdle.
peer's mantle circular cloak to wear with parlimentary robes.
peer's robes parlimentary robes- houpeland-style.
pelicon full, fur-lined, loose outer garment or surcote
pelisse outer garment lined in fur or sometimes made of leather
for outdoor wear
pelisson 14th to early 16th century furred over-gown. see pelicon,
pellard see houppelande
pellotes 1244 similar to a sideless surcote with a high neck
and deep-cut square armholes.
peplum a head veil
petticoat small coat worn under the longer coat or gown at the
end of the 15th century
phrygian cap 9th to end of 12th century. Late costuming term
for the pointed cap with the apex turned over slightly towards the front.
pianelles 14th century backless leather slippers with thick soles
pikes 1395 to 1410 then 1460 to 1480. Long pointy-toed shoes
known by the French as poulaines and the English as crackows.
Worn by all classes, but especially the fashionable.
pilch fur-lined garment, also a woolen or leather garment of
pinson 14th - 16th century light, indoor shoe, often furred.
placcard see plackard
placcate see plackard
plackard 14th century womens front panel portion of a sideless
surcote, often embroidered or trimmed with fur.
placart see plackard
plastron furred or jewelled band circling the neck and hanging
in a band down the front used to secure the sideless gown by hooks to
points laces used to fasten parts of a costume together
poky sleeve see bagpipe sleeve
pouch 12th to early 16th century bag or wallet slung from the girdle
or attached to the belt.
poulain see poulaine
poulaine 1395 to 1410 then 1460 to 1480. French term for piked shoes
originally from Poland. Term rarely used in England, instead crackows.
pourpoint formerly known as the paltock. Short under jacket to
which sleeves and hose could be attached. Later forms were padded at
poynts see points
pullayne see piked shoes
punge medieval purse
purse medieval onwards. At first a pouch, but from 14th century
onwards, small drawstring pocket often square with tassels.
quafe see coif
quintise similar to a tabard, often dagged, worn over a robe.
quoif see coif
rail late 15th century to late 17th century neckerchief folded
and worn round the neck tucked into the front of the gown.
rayle see rail
reticulated headdress developed from the crespine or caul.
revers 14th century onwards facings or borderings to a garment.
Turned back edge.
revelins heavy shoes of undressed leather worn by English peasants
riband 14th & 15th century border of a garment.
rilling see riveling
riveling 12th to 14th century shoe of raw hide with the hair
on the outside.
robe 1. pre 1375 a man's matching set- often 5 items of the one
colour and fabric.
robe 2. 15th century. a singular loose-fitting man's gown. also
rochet see rocket
rocket 14th & 15th centuries. A woman's gown, usually white
roget see rocket
roket see rocket
roll, rolle 15th century circular part of the chaperon
roundlet 15th century term for male equivelant of padded roll.
Part of the chaperon.
sack 15th century. mantle
sandal pre-medieval onwards. Shoe made of a sole and straps arranged
over the foot.
sagum late 8th century woolen cloak, later a garment
Saxon embroidery see English Work.
sclavyn late 13th century to 15th century pilgrim's mantle
sclavine see sclavin
scrip medieval pouch or wallet.
seint medieval name for a girdle.
sendall see cendall
sherte shirt, buttoned and sometimes with needlework.
shirt early medieval on. Man's undermost garment worn next to
sideless surcote 1360 to 1500 Sleeveless, long over-garment surcote
deeply cut around armholes to reveal the gown underneath- often fur
trimmed and embellished with jewelled band or jewelled bottons
slavin late 13th to end of 15th century pilgrim's mantle.
sleeveless surcote see surcote with no sleeves.
slops 1. late 15th century A slipper.
slops 2. loose baggy garments. also overslops
slop-hose 15th to 18th century wide breeches worn by seamen.
smock late 13th to 17th century Anglo-Saxon term for chemise.
socks 8th century onwards. A short stocking worn with footless
hose or under hose.
steeple hennin tall, pointed, conical headdress popular in the
15th century. Secured to a coif and worn with a veil. see also hennin.
streapeles leggings worn from knee to ankle; breeches
suckeny see surkney
super-cotehardie later edition of the surcote
supertotus medieval sleeved and hooded cloak worn by travellers.
supertunic 9th to end of 14th century, usually called a surcoat
surcoat see surcote
surcote 9th to 14th century tunic worn by both sexes, starting
as a rectangular piece of fabric having a slit at the top for the head
and slits for the sleeves. Then becoming the T-tunic which may have
had wide sleeves at the wrist. Later, it became more shaped and eventually
cut away to become the sideless surcote, then the super-cotehardie.
surkney medieval coarse, loose woolen frock worn by carters and
swaddling bands medieval to end of 18th century long bandages
for wrapping around the body and limbs of an infant giving it the appearance
of a mummy.
syglaton see cyclas
tabard late 13th century and 14th century outer garment- circular,
short mantle often ceremonial and heraldic.
tabbard see tabard
tache 15th to 17th century brooch, clasp, buckle or hook.
tasseaux circular or square ornaments on mantle where the cord
tater 15th century. from tetour- a hood or chaperon with liripipe.
temples see templers
templers 1. late 13th to end of 14th century decorative cauls
of network or linen covering thick plaits of hair, generally artifically
enlarged and arranged on each side of the head above the temples. Worn
with a veil.
templers 2. first half of 15th century ornamental bosses of goldsmithery
or fine needlwork worn over the temples to enclose the hair. Supported
by a fillet above the forehead.Often very elaborate and worn with a
templettes see templers
tippet 1. pendant-like streamer from the hood or around the arm
made of cloth or fur. see liripipe.
tippet 2. from 16th century onwards- shoulder cape
tire name used in England for tall, conical headware made on
a silver wire frame. As a foundation they used a bonnet or wimple. Usually
made with gems and pearls and very fragile, for single use. Also called
atour by the French.
trousers 10th-12th century leg coverings, loose, worn by peasants
tressour 14th century chaplet of goldsmithry or material worn
on the head.
tuft 15th century name for tassel
tunic, tunica 9th to early 14th century men's clothing, fitted
at the shoulders, widening at the hips, hem reaches to the upper thigh.
Sleeves were varied- fitted at the forearm, or mutton sleeve, most popularly
bat-wing. The tunic became shorter amongst fashionable persons. Also
Turkey bonnet or hat. 15th century hennin, and similar to a Turkish
vamp 15th century onwards. Upper front part of shoe.
veil medieval onwards, often worn with a wimple. see coverchief.
wambais see gambeson
wambeys see gambeson
wimple late 12th to 14th century. A long veil covering the neck
and often the chin, popular in the 13th century and onwards. Usually
of fine white linen or silk. Worn with a veil or fillet or both.
Yorkist gown 15th century fashionable French and English gown with long
fitted sleeves, front closing V in bodice, bodice trimmed often with
fur and full skirt with train. Often worn with steeple hennin and veil.
see also burgundian gown.